Olive Thomas (October 20, 1894 – September 10, 1920) was an American silent film actress and model. Thomas began her career as an illustrators’ model in 1914, and moved on to the Ziegfeld Follies the following year. During her time as a Ziegfeld girl, she also appeared in the more risqué show, The Midnight Frolic. In 1916, she began a successful career in silent films and would appear in over twenty features over the course of her four year film career. She married actor Jack Pickford, the younger brother of silent film star Mary Pickford, in 1916.
On September 10, 1920, Thomas died of acute nephritis in Paris five days after consuming mercury bichloride. Although her death was ruled accidental, news of the incident and Thomas’ subsequent death were the subject of media speculation. Thomas’ death has been cited as one of the first heavily publicized Hollywood scandals.